The Linux Software Map is the standard format to describe products available for Linux. For your convenience, we accept the same entry format on the TXT files for any DOS program uploaded to X2FTP, as well.

Another alternative is our own DOS Upload form.
Please, notice that we require certain fields no matter in which format the rest of the document is.

Also notice, that any non-Linux products may NOT be entered to the LSM server.

The LSM Format

Linux Software Map Entry Template                            Release: 09AUG94

The LSM is a directory of information about each of the software
packages available via FTP for the Linux operating system.  It is meant
to be a public information resource.  All entries have been entered by
volunteers all over the world via email using the template below.  New
versions will appear first on sunsite.unc.edu and will be announced in
the newsgroup comp.os.linux.announce .  Discussions pertaining to the
LSM will be held in the newsgroup comp.os.linux.misc .  Any questions or
comments can be entered in comp.os.linux.misc or sent to me directly at

As of the end of July, 1994, the LSM is being maintained by Lars
Wirzenius.  The Linux Software Map was originally conceived and
maintained by Jeff Kopmanis.  As of the end of July, 1994, it is being
maintained by Lars Wirzenius.  We owe Jeff a lot for making LSM the
asset it is.


*PLEASE* use the entry template at the end when submitting information.
It has been designed so that all you have to do is fill in the blanks
and send it in as is.  Your entry will be read into the database
directly from your email response with little if any hand manipulation.

are no longer any limits on the fields lengths, but please try to be

Complete as many fields as possible.  I strongly encourage developers to
complete all the fields, as its more descriptive.  You must fill in at
least the Title, Version, Entered-date, Description, and Primary-site fields.

Make any corrections to an existing entry that are necessary.  The
initial data came from a variety of sources, and is not at all assumed
to be correct.  Remember to update the Entered-date field if you update
an existing entry.


I've written a small (and still fragile) tool to make it easier to
browse and update the LSM.  It will only work on a new style database
(09AUG94).  Find it on sunsite.unc.edu (I don't know yet where there).
Filename is lsmtool-0.1.tar.gz.  Source only.

As of the 09AUG94 version...

The 09AUG94 version of the template is a radical change from the syntax
of earlier versions.  It is not upward compatible.  There are several
reasons for the change:

	* no limits on line lengths
	* less awkward multi-line format
	* nicer method (for the user) for specifying the ftp site and
	* one entry for all files comprising a package

The new version is identified by the "Begin3" line that starts it.
Earlier versions had "Begin" and "Begin3".  Old versions will be
accepted for a while, but please use the newest one to make things
easier for me.

The LSM Entry Form

The general syntax is now similar to that of netnews headers, i.e., a
keyword (at the beginning of a line), a colon (with no spaces separating
it from the keyword), and text that may be continued to the next line by
starting each continuing line with whitespace (space, tab).  Empty lines
are also allowed (unlike netnews).  Since fields may be several lines
long, there is no longer a separate keyword for each line (we now have
one "Description" keyword, where the older versions had "Desc1",
"Desc2", and so on).

There are no limits on the line lenght or the number of lines for one
keyword, but please try to be short, especially in the description.
Don't put the whole README into the description, usually half a dozen
of lines is more than enough.  Please keep each line (including keyword)
below 80 characters for maximal viewing comfort.  Use a tab width of 8
spaces, or don't use tabs at all.

Mandatory fields: Title, Version, Entered-date, Description, Primary-site.

Descriptions of the fields (an empty form is included at the end; use that
to fill in).


Note that case is significant.

Title:		The name of the package.  Please use the same title for
		the LSM entry of each version, so as to make it easier
		to find entries for new versions of packages that already
		have one in the data base.
Version:	Version number or other designation.  Use a date if
		nothing else is appropriate.
Entered-date:	Date of when the LSM entry was last modified.  Note that
		you should fill in both Version and Entered-date.
Description:	Short description of the package.
Keywords:	A short list of carefully selected keywords that describe
		the package.
Author: 	Original author(s) of package.  In RFC822 format (i.e.,
		something that will fit into a From: or To: header of a
		normal Internet mail message).  Preferred format:

			mailname@site.domain.top (Full name)

		Other formats will be converted to this format, if time
		and energy of LSM maintainer will allow it.
		Multiple persons may be given, one per line.
Maintained-by:	Maintainer(s) of Linux port.  Same format as Author.
Primary-site:	A specification of on which site, in which directory,
		and which files are part of the package.  First line
		gives site and base directory, the rest give the sizes
		and names of all files.  Names are either relative to
		the base directory, or full pathnames.  If the ftp
		site does not use Unix style pathname syntax, then
		the full pathname must be given every time.  The pathname
		must not contain spaces.  Example:

			Primary-site: sunsite.unc.edu /pub/Linux/docs
				      10kB lsm-1994.01.01.tar.gz
				      997  lsm-template
				      22 M /pub/Linux/util/lsm-util.tar.gz

		The file size may be given in bytes (no suffix), kilobytes
		(k, kb), or megabytes (M, MB).  The suffix may be separated
		with spaces, and may be in upper case or lower case.  The
		size can be left off.

		For very large packages that are contained within
		one directory (say, a distribution), only the directory
		need be listed.  Adding a trailing slash makes it clear
		that it is a directory.

		The filename should be the final location, not an
		"incoming" directory.  If you don't know the final
		location, at least make a good guess (since files _will_
		be moved from incoming, it is not a good guess).
Alternate-site: One alternate site may be given.  It should not be a
		site that mirrors the primary site (these are best
		found from a list of mirror sites), but should be one
		that maintained separately.  More sites carrying the
		package can be found using Archie.  The syntax is
		the same as for Primary-site, but if there is only one
		line (i.e., no files are specified), they are assumed
		to be the same as for Primary-site.

			Alternate-site: ftp.funet.fi /pub/OS/Linux/doc/lsm
			Alternate-site: foo.bar /pub/lsm
					11 kB lsm-1994-01-01.cpio.Z
					0.1 kB lsm-template.Z
					22 MB lsm-util.tar.gz

Original-site:	The original package, if this is a port to Linux.  Syntax
		is as in Primary-site, with the same handling of missing
		filenames as in Alternate-site.
Platforms:	Software or hardware that is required, if unusual.  A
		C compiler or floppy disk would not be unusual, but a
		Python interpreter or tape drive probably would be.  If
		the requirements are evident from the description, it
		need not be repeated here.
Copying-policy:	Copying policy.  Use "GPL" for GNU Public License,
		"BSD" for the Berkeley style of copyright, "Shareware"
		for shareware, and some other description for other
		styles of copyrights.  If the use or copying requires
		payment, it must be indicated.


The IAFA (Internet Anonymous Ftp Archives) have a form similar to LSM
for specifying similar information about files.  The 24JUL94 version of
LSM is much more close to the IAFA format, but is still not quite the

Straight IAFA is not suitable for LSM.  It only allows one filename
(many packages consist of several files).  It is also awkward because it
specifies different formats for records for different types of files.

(This information is based on a draft version of a description on the
iafa format from the iafa work group.  The draft is dated 92.06.10; it
was the newest I could find, but if there are any newer ones with
significant changes, please send me information.)

However, this revision of the LSM format tries to be as close to iafa as
possible.  The major differences are:

	* Package-name, Document-name, and Dataset-name are
	  converted to one Primary-site (with site and location taken
	  from Maintained-at, if given, or filled in by LSM maintainer).
	* Field names "Author" and "Revision-date" converted to "Authors"
	  and "Version".
	* Other fields are added to the database as is.
	* Added fields: primary-site, alternate-site, original-site,
	  entered-date, checked-date, and checked-status.
	* an LSM template _must_ begin with "Begin3" and end with "End",
	  with both delimiters being the only things on the line (except
	  for trailing whitespace), and must be at the beginning of the
	  line.  This is to make it easier to automatically extract them
	  from news articles and such.
	* fields in an LSM entry can be in whatever order

We only support iafa records for packages, documents and datasets.

Empty Template

Cut this out, fill it in, send it to me.


X2 Support Group FTP Admin (ftpadm@x2ftp.oulu.fi.NO.SPAM)